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Covid -19 Pandemic

How covid-19 could have been contained and eradicated

The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. An independent assessment found that the World Health Organization’s (WHO) worldwide emergency notice on the development of COVID-19 did not prompt the adequate global reaction. The highest degree of global notice that the WHO may issue is called a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, or PHEIC, and it was issued on January 30, 2020. According to the Independent Panel on Pandemic Preparedness and Response, most nations did not react to the warning in a timely manner. The report’s main conclusions are listed below.

The globe was susceptible to a pandemic even before Chinese health officials attempted to locate the source of the pneumonia epidemic in Wuhan. New diseases are on the rise as a result of population development and the demands it places on land usage, food production, and animal health. Since 1990, there has been a fourfold increase in air travel, making it possible for a virus to quickly spread across the globe. Since the warning was launched in response to the SARS outbreak in 2002, the WHO had issued a PHEIC five times.

  • 2009: Swine flu in North America
  • 2014: Ebola in West Africa
  • 2014: Polio in Pakistan, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Syria
  • 2016: Zika in Brazil
  • 2019: Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Nations’ preparedness for a pandemic was lacking in funding and resources despite warnings that a pandemic was possible. Additionally, supplies of medical supplies that had been accumulated during the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic were exhausted. The survey discovered a trend toward inactivity, which means that nations would only move if the facts called for it. On January 30, when the call to action was made, many people chose not to respond or didn’t pay attention. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. The study recommended that “this prejudice be rectified” and that “precautions should be adopted on a presumptive basis until evidence reveals that this is not warranted.”

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It took COVID-19 four months to develop from its first confirmed case in China to a pandemic that endangered every nation on the planet. The study mentioned that in December 2019, instances of pneumonia with no known aetiology were swiftly looked into by medical professionals and lab personnel in Wuhan. Two urgent alerts sent to the city’s hospital networks on December 30 were noted by the WHO China headquarters. The next day, news reports informed WHO headquarters of the situation. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

The WHO official didn’t notify the governments of any nations until January 5, following a meeting with Chinese authorities, and that was when he released his first “Disease Outbreak News.” According to the study, the speed at which WHO must complete its formal processes “does not match the quick availability of data and information that is available today through digital technologies and social media.” Additionally, it was discovered that parts of the International Health Regulations’ obligations for information-sharing are too ambiguous and that information regarding the cases and their characteristics was not made accessible promptly enough. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. On January 13, a woman from Wuhan who had been to Thailand became the first case outside of China to be officially verified.

Several nations started regulating arriving visitors after Wuhan went into lockdown on January 23, but when PHEIC was announced, many adopted a “wait and see” attitude. From 25 on February 4 to 53 at the end of the month and 93 the following week, more nations had COVID-19 instances. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. The research stated that several nations didn’t take action until they had observed extensive local transmission and their hospitals were starting to become overcrowded with really ill patients.

WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus declared on March 11, 2020 that “COVID-19 can be dubbed a pandemic” due to the severity of the outbreak and inactivity. The study stated that “despite clear indications of an epidemic spread around the globe, February was a squandered month of opportunity to restrict the pandemic.” International arrivals were subject to a 14-day self-isolation period beginning on March 15 and non-citizen and non-resident passengers were prohibited beginning on March 20. On March 23, when Australia had more than 2,000 cases of COVID-19, international travel was prohibited. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

How the COVID-19 Outbreak Could Have Been Contained Better

Human nature compels us to contrast the laws and customs of other nations, especially now that COVID-19 has spread to every corner of the globe. South Korea frequently serves as an example of how to combat the corona virus in this discourse. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. Even the president of the World Health Organization declared that, despite being challenging, it is still feasible to limit the virus by using the knowledge gained from nations like South Korea.

South Korea’s Containment Strategy

Elfatih Ibrahim, a former CEO of Maxwell Pharmacy Inc. and a physician with a practise in New York, is just one of many Americans who are dissatisfied with the way the government is handling COVID-19. Donald Trump, the president of the United States, dismissed coronavirus worries earlier in the year, and in the months that followed, the American people received mixed advice regarding the necessity of social isolation. In contrast, South Korea moved quickly, as seen by the government meeting with representatives from numerous medical businesses just one week after the nation’s first COVID-19 case was identified. This type of motivated decision-making enabled policymakers to demand that businesses immediately begin producing coronavirus test kits for mass manufacturing. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

Elfatih Ibrahim also believes that early and regular testing was a major factor in the South Korean model’s success, a concept that North America is now beginning to see in hindsight. More people have been tested for the coronavirus in South Korea than in any other nation, which has allowed many patients to be separated and treated extremely quickly after contracting the illness. More than 300,000 tests have been carried out throughout the nation, which is 40 times more than what is done per person in the US. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

Additional monitoring measures were swiftly put in place in South Korea as well. It emphasised that healthcare professionals had a duty to work with patients who tested positive for COVID-19 to monitor their recent travels and test any other people they may have come into contact with. This responsibility was known as the “contact process.” Persecution. These contact tracking methods were already in development when the MERS outbreak occurred. The information on the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea has finally come together. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. There were announcements about transmission dates for the day, appeals for social distance, and warnings to be aware of germs all over the news, public sphere, and popular tech ether.

The Future of COVID-19

Medical professionals, notably Elfatih Ibrahim, feel that the tenets of quick action, extensive medical testing, contact tracking, and a shared sense of personal responsibility give a strong basis for limiting the infection. Even with the foregoing precautions, there is a chance that the pandemic might flare up again, thus the present pandemic may appear frightening, but everyone can do their part to stop COVID-19 from spreading. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. You may assist lower your risk, prepare your family, and contribute to the protection of others by maintaining composure and according to the guidelines established by health and government experts throughout the world.

According to a recent study published in the journal BMJ Global Health, Covid-19 may be defeated by quick reactions to novel variations and high immunisation rates. In the study, analogous variables from smallpox and polio, two additional illnesses that may be prevented by vaccination, were compared to 17 Covid-related parameters. In addition to the eradication of two of the three polio serotypes globally, smallpox was declared extinct in 1980. The authors of the study compared various elements, including the accessibility of vaccines, public health initiatives, vaccine messaging, the political and economic effects of disease, the duration of vaccine immunity, the significance of these initiatives, the efficacy of infection control messages, public concern over the economic and social effects of disease, and public acceptance of vaccines. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

The study revealed that the feasibility of eliminating Covid-19 was somewhat greater than polio but lower than smallpox using a three-point scoring methodology for each of the 17 variables. The research yielded average findings of 2.7 for smallpox, 1.6 for Covid, and 1.5 for polio. The study “suggests that eliminating Covid-19 is likely to be technically achievable,” according to Nick Wilson, a professor of public health at the University of Otago in Wellington, New Zealand, who is one of the paper’s authors.

According to him, the most crucial aspect of analogies between Covid-19, polio, and smallpox is the combination of successful public health initiatives and effective vaccinations that enable eradication. However, Wilson acknowledges that there are significant difficulties. He emphasises that any viral evolution that would lessen the efficacy of the vaccination (as with the Delta version) is a variable that could alter the projections. The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted. It may also be difficult to deal with animal infection reservoirs, he adds, “but as we demonstrated in our study, this is not a huge problem because it is quite unlikely for people to get an infection from another animal species.”

Wilson claims that inaccurate information raising concerns about vaccinations is a more severe issue. Although vaccination reluctance has dropped (by 28 percent) since March, according to a recent Public Religion Research Institute study, 15% of Americans believe they are still reluctant to get any of the Covid vaccines that are now on the market. According to him, misinformation on social media “may still lower vaccine uptake in some countries.” Wilson emphasises that eliminating Covid-19 requires a worldwide effort and that national hesitation differs greatly. The world eradicated smallpox during the Cold War, he notes, “but on the other side, international politics is more polarising these days.” The Covid-19 pandemic could have been averted.

As examples of how eradication may be accomplished, he cites regions of the world including China, Taiwan, Queensland, and South Australia, each of which has been able to eradicate even the most recent breakouts of delta varieties. It might be possible to eradicate the disease globally by combining comparable strategies with greater immunisation rates, according to Wilson. From then, replication of similar outcomes can take off. He argues that if a government has completely eradicated Covid, “they might gradually open their borders for quarantine-free travel with other elimination nations” until the disease has been eradicated worldwide.

About the Author

Ahsan Azam is the author who specializes in avionics as well as research writing. The author has a keen attention to detail and is focused on providing interesting content to the readers.

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